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why now?

Health Canada has announced that beginning March 7, 2024, all strychnine products will be cancelled!

There will be a 6-month phase-out period and after September 7, 2024, strychnine will no longer be permitted (i.e. banned!)

While we celebrate our win, it is now more critical than ever that we continue work together to end the use of Compound 1080.

March 7, 2024: After re-evaluating the predator poisons (ie. "predacides") strychnine and Compound 1080, the Pest Management Regulatory Agency, which is the sector of Health Canada involved in pesticide/poison use, announced that it will continue to authorize the use of Compound 1080 - despite recognizing widespread concerns from the public and experts, and despite know widescale illegal misuse of this highly dangerous toxin. 

Many of us involved in the movement to end the use of predator poisons were shocked that permits for Compound 1080 use would be renewed.  We will oppose this decision, and ask that you help us get 1080 off the landscape. We can't do it alone!

In some ways, Compound 1080 is even worse than strychnine, because in addition to:

1) the excruciating and prolonged pain and distress that ALL animal victims will endure (~strychnine), and

2) the risk to non-target species and non-target individuals from ingesting poison baits (~strychnine),

3) there is a much longer delay in the onset of symptoms after eating the bait, which means that poisoned carcasses are spread further across the landscape, never to be recorded or recovered by people, and fed on by scavengers that will experience relay toxicity, including eagles, owls, badgers, foxes, dogs, and many other species, and


4) despite false claims that Compound 1080 is canid-selective, the reality is that poisons are not specific to species and it is in fact HIGHLY TOXIC to many birds and mammals.  

We will continue to engage on this issue, and we ask that you do too. 

Together we are creating change!

how can i help?
Ban Compound 1080

Reach Health Canada now and support a ban on this cruel & indiscriminate poison used on public and private lands. This change can:

i) help put an end to needless suffering,

ii) help reach Canada's biodiversity commitments,

iii) help prioritize safe, effective, non-lethal methods to prevent conflicts among livestock and native carnivores. 

Here are three great ways you can make some noise:

1. Print & Mail a Poison-Free Postcard

2. Submit a Notice of Objection

3. Send an Email


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Easily reach Canada's Minister of Health, 

Canada's Environment Minister, Alberta's Premier, your MP with the WeHowl Poison-free postcards.

Request that all registrations for the use of Compound 1080  be cancelled and that this poison be banned permanently.

Download your printable PDF files and support a ban on these cruel & indiscriminate poisons.

(To be considerate of paper, and the environment, we've arranged each design 4-up on one page. If you choose to print on both sides, flip on the short edge.)

Address the Postcards to:

When sending mail to members of Parliament at the House of Commons*, no postage stamp is required.

Canada's Minister of Health - Mark Holland

House of Commons *
Ottawa, Ontario,
K1A 0A6


Canada's Minister of Environment & Climate Change

- Steven Guilbeault

House of Commons *
, Ontario,
K1A 0A6

Alberta Premier - Danielle Smith 

Office of the Premier
307 Legislature Building
10800 - 97 Avenue
Edmonton, Alberta  T5K 2B6

Find your MP by postal code - click here

Within 60 days of a new decision, anyone can file a Notice of Objection to Health Canada using an on-line form.


The objection must be based on science.  Some points below are worth speaking to.

Scientific basis for the objection:


  • Given Health Canada's statements in the review decision that i)"Reliable data for the number of target and non-target deaths as a result of the use of Compound 1080 are not available"; ii)Compound 1080 is classified as highly to very highly toxic to birds and mammals"; and iii)"There is a risk of death for animals who ingest poisoned baits"; Compound 1080 presents unacceptable risks to biodiversity through primary and secondary deaths. Several species-at-risk, as well as rare and sensitive species, occupy the areas where Compound 1080 is used in Alberta, including the American Badger, Wolverine, Grizzly Bear, and Golden Eagle to name a few.  The risk of death to these animals is too high when Compound 1080 is used. 

  • Due to the delay in symptoms and death presented by victims who ingest Compound 1080, poisoned carcasses can be far from bait stations (km.'s away), leaving these deaths unrecorded and causing relay toxicity when fed on by scavengers. The Government of Alberta's own toxicant policy has stated “retrieval of carcasses is typically impossible and secondary poisoning of other wildlife species feeding on the carcass is a potential concern” (AESRD 2012).*

  • The use-records all show high levels of non-compliance (ie. illegal use) of label directions, including poor record keeping. There is nothing to suggest this would change. Even with a new "steward program", instructions can go ignored and records can be 'fudged'.  Illegal use has led to dog deaths by secondary poisoning in British Columbia.

  • Health Canada assumes the risk of secondary poisoning is low, however Compound 1080 is historically believed to be at least partly responsible for the decline of several species at risk in North America, including the burrowing owl (Butts 1973)*, swift fox  (Burnett 1989; Ginsberg and MacDonald 1990; COSEWIC 2009)*, California condor (Hegdal et al. 1986)*, and black-footed ferret (Defenders of Wildlife 1982)*.

  • Health Canada claims that Compound 1080 is selective for wolves and coyotes, however differences in susceptibility to toxicity of poisons does not guarantee selectivity (Cain et al. 1972)*. Indeed, Alberta’s use-permit for tablets (no. 18300) states that “Sodium monofluoroacetate is toxic to all warm-blooded animals” (Alberta Agriculture and Forestry 2015)*. Compound 1080 is recognized as a systemic pesticide (EPA 1985)*, and has been used around the world to kill rodents, rabbits, and non-canid carnivores such as mustelids (weasel family) and felids (cat family) (CCWHC 1999)*.

*For full references see article: Indiscriminate, Inhumane and Irresponsible: Compound 1080 Is No Longer an Acceptable Form of Wildlife Management


  • Health Canada falsely claims to use a "comprehensive body of modern scientific methods and determine the magnitude of potential risks posed by pesticides". HOWEVER, they also state that animal welfare/humaneness can be disregarded in evaluating pesticides due to claims that "there are no internationally recognized science-based parameters to evaluate the humaneness of pesticides". This is false! There are many expert bodies in North America that agree on minimal standards for humane euthanasia of animals, including:  the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association; the American Veterinary Medical Association; and the Canadian Council on Animal Care. The clinical symptoms caused by Compound 1080 do not meet these recognized standards.


  • In that same way that it was possible to discontinue strychnine use for livestock purposes due to alternative methods, there are better options (ie. safer and more effective) for reducing conflict among wolves/coyotes and livestock.  There is no clear scientific evidence that killing predators is an effective way to reduce future livestock losses. 

  • Wolves and coyotes are not pests. These sentient animals have intrinsic value, and as native species they also have existence value.  Their presence on the land also benefits the environment by helping to maintain biodiversity.  Wolves and other large carnivores also help limit the spread of disease in cervids (deer family). 

Please take note of the following information you will need to fill out the form:

Product info: Compound 1080 (Active ingredient) Registration no. 18300 

Decision on: Amending registration through re-evaluation

Date the decision statement was made public:  7 March, 2024

Area of scientific evaluation to which the objection relates: Environmental Risk Assessment (suggested, however, if you have other grounds to object on please do so.)

Submit your Notice of Objection here.

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Federal Government


In Canada, most wildlife management policies are under the jurisdiction of the province or territory, but the federal government is involved in authorizing the use of poisons to provinces/territories that apply for permits.

You can contact these government representatives directly asking that they make Canada POISON-FREE for wolves, coyotes, and all wildlife by banning  Compound 1080:

Mark Holland

Federal Minister of Health

(authorizes poison use in Canada) 



Steven Guilbeault

Federal Minister of Environment and Climate Change


Lawrence MacAulay

Federal Minister of Agriculture and Agrifood


Danielle Smith

The Premier of Alberta (AB is the only province with active permits to use these poisons)


Local and Provincial Government Representatives

Remember, they are there to help address public concerns.

Asking them to raise the issue at the provincial level is one of the best ways to provoke change. 

Easily find your MP's email address here.

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how can i help?
end government wolf kill programs

Oppose the action of killing wolves under the false guise of caribou recovery; demand an end to this wrongful and misguided practice.

These programs do not take into account the intrinsic value of wolves, nor the environmental and spiritual benefits that wolves provide. Wolves deserve respect, NOT aerial gunning. If governments are serious about protecting caribou, the first step is to protect more of their essential habitat. 


End tax-funded wolf kill programs in western Canada

In western Canada, wolves are chased by helicopters to exhaustion... and then shot. Far from 'clean kills', many individuals are wounded and abandoned to a slow and agonizing death. In Canada, this is 'wolf management'.

Contact the premiers of British Columbia and Alberta and demand an end to this wrongful and misguided practice:

David Eby

The Premier of British Columbia


Danielle Smith

The Premier of Alberta 


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